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Endurance Training – Upper Limb

Mode | Intensity | Duration | Frequency | Type


Although most research studies have concentrated on lower limb exercise training, the upper limbs should not be neglected as the arms are important for everyday tasks.

Some studies have examined supported arm training (arm cranking), however arm cranks are not readily accessible and arm cranking is not a very functional activity.  A cochrane review of upper limb training in COPD has demonstrated that unsupported arm exercises had a large effect on unsupported arm endurance capacity.10Consequently, a pulmonary rehabilitation program should include unsupported arm exercises with or without added weights (depending on patient’s degree of disability).